From The Journal

Use of Ovine-based Collagen Extracellular Matrix and Gentian Violet/Methylene Blue Antibacterial Foam Dressings to Help Improve Clinical Outcomes in Lower Extremity Wounds: A Retrospective Cohort Study

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Abstract: Dressings that provide broad spectrum metalloprotease reduction along with inherent aspects of an extracellular matrix may contribute to improved wound healing outcomes and shorter treatment times. Objective. The author performed a retrospective case series analysis to determine the clinical outcomes of regular debridement with the use of ovine-based collagen extracellular matrix dressings and gentian violet/methylene blue polyurethane antibacterial foam dressings in treating 53 patients with 53 chronic lower extremity wounds (diabetic foot ulcers [DFUs], venous leg ulcers, and heel pressure ulcers)....

Zinc and Wound Healing: A Review of Zinc Physiology and Clinical Applications

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Abstract: Our understanding of the role of zinc in normal human physiology is constantly expanding, yet there are major gaps in our knowledge with regard to the function of zinc in wound healing. This review aims to provide the clinician with sufficient understanding of zinc biology and an up-to-date perspective on the role of zinc in wound healing. Zinc is an essential ion that is crucial for maintenance of normal physiology, and zinc deficiency has many manifestations ranging from delayed wound healing to immune dysfunction and impairment of multiple sensory systems....

An Unusually Large Carbuncle of the Temporofacial Region Demonstrating Remarkable Post-debridement Wound Healing Process: A Case Report

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Abstract: Skin carbuncles are debilitating skin infections commonly seen in elderly patients with diabetes. These infections develop when a cluster of adjacent furuncles coalesce to form one inflammatory mass. While they commonly occur on the nape of the neck and back, rarer sites involving the face and head have been noted. Management of these rare sites is urgent because of the potential intracranial complications and the surgical outcome is often unsatisfactory due to associated facial scarring....

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Previous Atorvastatin Treatment and Risk of Diabetic Foot Infection in Adult Patients: A Case-control Study

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Abstract: Objective. In addition to their lipid-lowering abilities, statins have anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties. Increasing recent evidence suggests the possible role of pretreatment with statins in preventing or decreasing morbidity and mortality from infection. Diabetic foot infection (DFI) is a common complication of diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to determine whether previous atorvastatin use is associated with reduced risk of DFI and better outcomes of these infections....

Laser Doppler Flowmetry and Transcutaneous Oximetry in Chronic Skin Ulcers: A Comparative Evaluation

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Abstract: Introduction/Objective. Laser Doppler Flowmetry (LDF) and transcutaneous oximetry (TcpO2) are established methods for investigating cutaneous perfusion. To date, no study previously performed has compared data obtained from these 2 methodologies in cases of chronic cutaneous ulcers....

Effects of Adrenomedullin and Glucagon-like Peptide on Distal Flap Necrosis and Vascularity: The Role of Receptor Systems and Nitric Oxide

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Abstract: Objective. Flap necrosis in the distal area due to the deficiency of blood circulation is a major complication in flap treatment. In many previous studies, some natural substances such as chlorogenic acid, adrenomedullin (ADM), and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) have been used to improve flap viability via their vasodilator, angiogenic, and antioxidant effects. The aim of this study is to clarify the mechanism through the use of selective antagonists for calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptors and GLP-1 receptors such as CGRP-(8-37), exendin-(9-39), respectively, in the flap healing effects of ADM and GLP-1....

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Cactus plants are commonly seen in arid southwestern regions of the United States. Due to their ready availability, they have become a popular houseplant. The spines or glochidia can easily puncture the skin with only minor pressure (ie, bumping or touching the cactus). Removal of the offending spine is difficult, even with tweezers.

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