Objective. The goal of this literature review is to review and combine case studies of accidental burns to the breast, following mastectomy and immediate breast reconstruction with autologous tissue, implants, or tissue expanders. Methods. The authors searched PubMed and Cochrane Library and reviewed cases of burns of reconstructed breasts after mastectomy from July 1985 to May 2015. Only studies in the English language were included in their search. They also report 5 new cases of burns in patients with burns to the breast, which were either reconstructed with implants or tissue expanders at Sheba Medical Center (Ramat Gan, Israel). Results. The authors found 21 publications regarding burns after breast reconstruction dating from 1985 to 2014, which equaled 59 cases of reported burns in the 21 included publications. The most common causes of burns were due to heat conduction (37/59) followed by solar radiation (19/59) and heat convection (3/59). The majority of the cases were treated by a conservative approach. The 5 new cases added were all due to thermal radiation (5/5). Two of these cases were treated conservatively (2/5), and 3 underwent surgery (3/5). Conclusion. The removal of thermoregulatory capabilities of the skin and the thickness of the remaining tissue in the mastectomy procedure are key to understanding the cause of burns to reconstructed breasts.